Journal article

ABCB1 polymorphism predicts escitalopram dose needed for remission in major depression

AB Singh, CA Bousman, CH Ng, K Byron, M Berk

TRANSLATIONAL PSYCHIATRY | NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2012

Abstract

The ATP-binding cassette family of transporter proteins, subfamily B (MDR/TAP), member 1 (ABCB1) (P-glycoprotein) transporter is a key component of the blood-brain barrier. Many antidepressants are subject to ABCB1 efflux. Functional polymorphisms of ABCB1 may influence central nervous system bioavailability of antidepressants subject to efflux. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at rs1045642 (C3435T) of ABCB1 have been associated with efflux pump efficiency. This may explain part of the interindividual variation in antidepressant dose needed to remit. Individuals (N=113) with DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition) major depressive disorder (MDD) w..

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