Journal article

Impact of combat and non-military trauma exposure on symptom reduction following treatment for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder

David Forbes, Susan Fletcher, Andrea Phelps, Darryl Wade, Mark Creamer, Meaghan O'Donnell

Psychiatry Research | ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD | Published : 2013


Military veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) frequently report exposure to multiple other traumas in addition to their military experiences. This study aimed to examine the impact of exposure-related factors for military veterans with PTSD on recovery after participation in a group-based treatment program. Subjects included 1548 military veterans with PTSD participating in specialist veterans' PTSD programs across Australia. The study included measures of PTSD, depression, anxiety and alcohol use. Analyses of variance found higher combat exposure was associated with more severe PTSD at intake. No differences in PTSD intake severity were evident in those with additional non-mil..

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