Future developments in osteoporosis therapy.
Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets | Published : 2009
Anti-resorptives that prevent osteoclasts from resorbing bone are the mainstay of treatment for osteoporosis, while parathyroid hormone is the only agent available that stimulates osteoblasts to form bone. Advances in knowledge about metabolic pathways in bone cell biology have identified specific points of intervention whereby formation and function of osteoclasts and osteoblasts can be inhibited or stimulated. The next generation of therapies for osteoporosis may include molecules that antagonize integrin or inhibit Src tyrosine kinase, vacuolar H+-ATPase, chloride channel or cathepsin K, thus preventing osteoclasts from attaching to bone, form a ruffled border, acidify resorption lacunae ..View full abstract