Journal article

Effects of Fluctuating Glucose Levels on Neuronal Cells In Vitro

Vincenzo C Russo, Sandra Higgins, George A Werther, Fergus J Cameron

NEUROCHEMICAL RESEARCH | SPRINGER/PLENUM PUBLISHERS | Published : 2012

Abstract

There is increasing evidence for glucose fluctuation playing a role in the damaging effects of diabetes on various organs, including the brain. We aimed to study the effects of glycaemic variation (GV) upon mitochondrial activity using an in vitro human neuronal model. The metabolic disturbance of GV in neuronal cells, was mimicked via exposure of neuroblastoma cells SH-SY5Y to constant glucose or fluctuating (i.e. 6 h cycles) for 24 and 48 h. Mitochondrial dehydrogenase activity was determined via MTT assay. Cell mitochondrial activity (MTT) was moderately decreased in constant high glucose, but markedly decreased following 24 and 48 h of cyclical glucose fluctuations. Glucose transport det..

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