Journal article

Comparative effects of oxygen supplementation on theophylline and acetaminophen clearance in human cirrhosis

PRA Froomes, DJ Morgan, RA Smallwood, PW Angus

GASTROENTEROLOGY | W B SAUNDERS CO-ELSEVIER INC | Published : 1999

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Sinusoidal capillarization in cirrhosis may impair the transfer of oxygen into hepatocytes; this may contribute to impaired oxidative drug metabolism. The aim of this study was to test this hypothesis by comparing the effects of oxygen supplementation in cirrhotic patients on the clearance of theophylline, which is dependent on hepatic oxidative metabolism, with its effect on the clearance of acetaminophen, which is reliant on hepatic conjugation reactions. METHODS: Ten cirrhotic patients awaiting liver transplant and 5 control subjects were studied. Oral acetaminophen (1000 mg) and intravenous theophylline (3 mg/kg) were administered simultaneously on two separate occasio..

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University of Melbourne Researchers