The 1.5 A crystal structure of a highly selected antiviral T cell receptor provides evidence for a structural basis of immunodominance.
Lars Kjer-Nielsen, Craig S Clements, Andrew G Brooks, Anthony W Purcell, James McCluskey, Jamie Rossjohn
Structure | Published : 2002
Despite a potential repertoire of >10(15) alphabeta T cell receptors (TcR), the HLA B8-restricted cytolytic T cell response to a latent antigen of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is strikingly limited in the TcR sequences that are selected. Even in unrelated individuals this response is dominated by a single highly restricted TcR clonotype that selects identical combinations of hypervariable Valpha, Vbeta, D, J, and N region genes. We have determined the 1.5 A crystal structure of this "public" TcR, revealing that five of the six hypervariable loops adopt novel conformations providing a unique combining site that contains a deep pocket predicted to overlay the HLA B8-peptide complex. The findings s..View full abstract