Journal article

Hemicranial volume deficits in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy with and without hippocampal sclerosis

RS Briellmann, GD Jackson, R Kalnins, SF Berkovic

EPILEPSIA | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 1998

Abstract

PURPOSE: In patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy, studies have suggested volume deficits measured by MRI of brain structures outside the epileptogenic hippocampus. Hippocampal sclerosis (HS) is a frequent, but not obligate, finding in such patients. The present study examines the influence of the presence of HS on quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurements. METHODS: We analyzed 47 patients and 30 controls by quantitative MRI, including intracranial volume (ICV), hemicranial volume, hippocampal volume (HCV), and T2 relaxometry. MRI results were compared with histological findings in the resected temporal lobe. RESULTS: Histology documented HS in 35 patients (HS grou..

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