Journal article

Body fat distribution and non-insulin-dependent diabetes: Comparison of a fiber-rich, high-carbohydrate, low-fat (23%) diet and a 35% fat diet high in monounsaturated fat

KZ Walker, K ODea, L Johnson, AJ Sinclair, LS Piers, GC Nicholson, JG Muir

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION | AMER SOC NUTRITION-ASN | Published : 1996

Abstract

The effects of a fiber-rich, high-carbohydrate, low-fat (HCLF) diet and a modified-fat (MF) diet high in monounsaturated fat on body fat distribution were examined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in 16 subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes (NIDDM) during a randomized crossover study. Subjects lost similar amounts of body fat consuming the HCLF and MF diets (-0.83 +/- 0.37 and -0.87 +/- 0.40 kg, respectively) despite a marked difference in total fat consumption. With the MF diet, the ratio of upper- to lower-body fat (UF:LF) remained unchanged because fat was lost proportionately from the upper and lower body. In contrast, with the HCLF diet, a disproportionate loss of lower-..

View full abstract