Journal article

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE MINNESOTA MULTIPHASIC PERSONALITY-INVENTORY

RD BUCHANAN

JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF THE BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES | CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY PUBL CO | Published : 1994

Abstract

The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) was constructed at the University of Minnesota before and during World War II. In its developmental phase, the MMPI was conceptualized as an efficient way of detecting psychiatric disturbance. The test's construction was made possible by atypical cooperation between psychologists and psychiatrists, within the context of a crisis in the U.S. public mental health care system. The MMPI was designed to meet the diagnostic needs of psychiatrists. As such, it represented the operationalization of medical hegemony. However, the interpretation of the MMPI shifted significantly after the war, reflecting organizational reform in clinical psycholog..

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