Journal article

ER stress triggers apoptosis by activating BH3-only protein Bim

Hamsa Puthalakath, Lorraine A O'Reilly, Priscilla Gunn, Lily Lee, Priscilla N Kelly, Nicholas D Huntington, Peter D Hughes, Ewa M Michalak, Jennifer McKimm-Breschkin, Noburo Motoyama, Tomomi Gotoh, Shizuo Akira, Philippe Bouillet, Andreas Strasser

Cell | CELL PRESS | Published : 2007

Abstract

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress caused by misfolded proteins or cytotoxic drugs can kill cells and although activation of this pathway has been implicated in the etiology of certain degenerative disorders its mechanism remains unresolved. Bim, a proapoptotic BH3-only member of the Bcl-2 family is required for initiation of apoptosis induced by cytokine deprivation or certain stress stimuli. Its proapoptotic activity can be regulated by several transcriptional or posttranslational mechanisms, such as ERK-mediated phosphorylation, promoting its ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. We found that Bim is essential for ER stress-induced apoptosis in a diverse range of cell types both in c..

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