Journal article

Type 2 diabetes in young Indigenous Australians in rural and remote areas: diagnosis, screening, management and prevention

Peter Azzopardi, Alex D Brown, Paul Zimmet, Rose E Fahy, Glynis A Dent, Martin Kelly, Kira Kranzusch, Louise J Maple-Brown, Victor Nossar, Martin Silink, Ashim K Sinha, Monique L Stone, Sarah J Wren

MEDICAL JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA | AUSTRALASIAN MED PUBL CO LTD | Published : 2012

Abstract

The burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among Indigenous children and adolescents is much greater than in non-Indigenous young people and appears to be rising, although data on epidemiology and complications are limited. Young Indigenous people living in remote areas appear to be at excess risk of T2DM. Most young Indigenous people with T2DM are asymptomatic at diagnosis and typically have a family history of T2DM, are overweight or obese and may have signs of hyperinsulinism such as acanthosis nigricans. Onset is usually during early adolescence. Barriers to addressing T2DM in young Indigenous people living in rural and remote settings relate to health service access, demographics, so..

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