Contrasting roles of condensin I and condensin II in mitotic chromosome formation
Lydia C Green, Paul Kalitsis, Tsz M Chang, Miri Cipetic, Ji Hun Kim, Owen Marshall, Lynne Turnbull, Cynthia B Whitchurch, Paola Vagnarelli, Kumiko Samejima, William C Earnshaw, KH Andy Choo, Damien F Hudson
JOURNAL OF CELL SCIENCE | COMPANY OF BIOLOGISTS LTD | Published : 2012
In vertebrates, two condensin complexes exist, condensin I and condensin II, which have differing but unresolved roles in organizing mitotic chromosomes. To dissect accurately the role of each complex in mitosis, we have made and studied the first vertebrate conditional knockouts of the genes encoding condensin I subunit CAP-H and condensin II subunit CAP-D3 in chicken DT40 cells. Live-cell imaging reveals highly distinct segregation defects. CAP-D3 (condensin II) knockout results in masses of chromatin-containing anaphase bridges. CAP-H (condensin I)-knockout anaphases have a more subtle defect, with chromatids showing fine chromatin fibres that are associated with failure of cytokinesis an..View full abstract
Awarded by Australian Research Council
Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)
This work was supported by an Australian Research Council discovery project [grant number DP110100784 to D.F.H., K.H.A.C. and W.C.E.]; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) project grants [APP1030358 and 546454]; an NHMRC RD Wright Fellowship to P.K.; an NHMRC Senior Research Fellowship to C.B.W.; an NHMRC Senior Principal Research Fellowship to K.H.A.C.; and by the Victorian Government's Operational Infrastructure Support Program. W.C.E. is a Principal Research Fellow of the Wellcome Trust. Deposited in PMC for release after 6 months.