Dark chocolate for children's blood pressure: randomised trial
Eunice K Chan, Jon Quach, Fiona K Mensah, Valerie Sung, Michael Cheung, Melissa Wake
ARCHIVES OF DISEASE IN CHILDHOOD | B M J PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2012
BACKGROUND: Higher adult blood pressure, even without hypertension, predicts cardiovascular outcomes, and is predicted by childhood blood pressure. Regular dark chocolate intake lowers blood pressure in adults, but effects in children are unknown. AIM: To examine the feasibility of school-based provision of dark chocolate and its short-term efficacy in reducing mean group blood pressure. METHODS: 194 children (aged 10-12 years) were randomised by class to intervention (7 g dark chocolate daily for 7 weeks, n=124) or control (n=70) groups; 98% and 93% provided baseline and follow-up measurements, respectively. RESULTS: Intervention and control students had similar systolic (mean difference 1...View full abstract
"ChocHealth for Kids!" was funded by The Centre for Community Child Health and the Murdoch Childrens Research Institute (MCRI). MCRI research is supported by the Victorian Government's Operational Infrastructure Program. Drs Mensah, Quach and Wake are all supported by the Australian National Health & Medical Research Council.