Retinal Vascular Fractal Dimension and Its Relationship With Cardiovascular and Ocular Risk Factors
Carol Y Cheung, George N Thomas, Wanting Tay, M Kamran Ikram, Wynne Hsu, Mong Li Lee, Qiangfeng Peter Lau, Tien Yin Wong
American Journal of Ophthalmology | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2012
Awarded by National Medical Research Council, Singapore, Republic of Singapore
Awarded by Singapore Bio Imaging Consortium, Singapore, Republic of Singapore
ALL AUTHORS HAVE COMPLETED AND SUBMITTED THE ICMJE FORM FOR DISCLOSURE OF POTENTIAL CONFLICTS OF interest and the following were reported. Publication of this article was supported by Grants 0796/2003 and STaR/0003/2008 from the National Medical Research Council, Singapore, Republic of Singapore; and Grant C-011/2006 from the Singapore Bio Imaging Consortium, Singapore, Republic of Singapore. Dr Wong is advisory board member and consultant to Abbott, Novartis, Pfizer, Allergan, and Bayer. Involved in Design and conduct of study (C.Y.C., G.N.T., T.Y.W.); Collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of data (C.Y.C.,W.T., M.K.I., Q.P.L.); and preparation, review, or approval of manuscript (T.Y.W., W.H., M.L.L.). Written informed consent was obtained from each participant and the study was conducted in accordance with the tenets of the Declaration of Helsinki. Ethical approval was obtained from the Singapore Eye Research Institute Institutional Review Board.