Journal article

Oil emulsions increase efficacy of Phoma herbarum to control dandelion but are phytotoxic

SM Stewart-Wade, GJ Boland

BIOCONTROL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY | TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD | Published : 2005

Abstract

Paraffinic-vegetable and vegetable oil emulsions were investigated for their ability to increase efficacy of the fungal pathogen Phoma herbarum as a bioherbicide to control dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) under sub-optimal leaf wetness durations (LWDs) in controlled environments. Mycelia of P. herbarum (20%, v/v) were formulated in 10 oil emulsions; two based on paraffinic-vegetable (soybean) oil mixtures, and eight based on vegetable (canola, coconut and soybean) oil emulsions alone. Emulsions were applied to dandelions using an automatic track sprayer and plants were exposed to sub-optimal LWDs simulating dew periods in field conditions. An aqueous formulation of P. herbarum was included ..

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