Journal article

Cells in the female retrotrapezoid region upregulate c-fos in response to 10%, but not 5%, carbon dioxide

Mary M Niblock, Kelly M Lohr, Melissa Nixon, Caitlin Barnes, Meredith Schaudies, Mark Murphy

BRAIN RESEARCH | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 2012

Abstract

The retrotrapezoid nucleus (RTN) is thought to regulate breathing in response to changes in blood carbon dioxide (CO(2)), and to make a vital contribution to respiratory drive, especially during sleep. However, cells in the female RTN fail to upregulate c-fos in response to low level CO(2) exposure, while cells in the male RTN have a robust upregulation of c-fos in response to low level CO(2) exposure. In this study, we examined the possibility that the female RTN has a higher threshold for c-fos upregulation in response to CO(2). Following exposure of Fos-Tau-LacZ (FTL) transgenic mice to 10% CO(2), c-fos was upregulated in just as many cells in the female as in the male RTN. In addition, t..

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University of Melbourne Researchers