Journal article

Arrested development? Reconsidering dual-systems models of brain function in adolescence and disorders

Jennifer H Pfeifer, Nicholas B Allen

TRENDS IN COGNITIVE SCIENCES | ELSEVIER SCIENCE LONDON | Published : 2012

Abstract

The dual-systems model of a ventral affective system, whose reactivity confers risks and liabilities, and a prefrontal control system, whose regulatory capacities buffer against these vulnerabilities, is an intuitive account that pervades many fields in the cognitive neurosciences--especially in the study of populations that differ from neurotypical adults, such as adolescents or individuals with affective or impulse regulation disorders. However, recent evidence that is inconsistent with dual-systems models illustrates the complexity of developmental and clinical variations in brain function. Building new models to account for this complexity is critical to progress in these fields, and wil..

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