Intravenous Droperidol or Olanzapine as an Adjunct to Midazolam for the Acutely Agitated Patient: A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial
Esther W Chan, David M Taylor, Jonathan C Knott, Georgina A Phillips, David J Castle, David CM Kong
Annals of Emergency Medicine | MOSBY-ELSEVIER | Published : 2013
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Parenteral benzodiazepines or antipsychotics are often used to manage acute agitation in emergency department (ED) settings in which alternative strategies have failed or are not feasible. There are scant data comparing parenteral medication regimens. We aim to determine the efficacy and safety of intravenous droperidol or olanzapine as an adjunct to intravenous midazolam for rapid patient sedation. METHODS: We undertook a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, double-dummy, clinical trial in 3 EDs (August 2009 to March 2011). Adult patients (n=336) requiring intravenous drug sedation for acute agitation were randomized to receive a saline solution (control), droperid..View full abstract
By Annals policy, all authors are required to disclose any and all commercial, financial, and other relationships in any way related to the subject of this article as per ICMJE conflict of interest guidelines (see www.icmje.org). The authors have stated that no such relationships exist. The study was supported by the Morson Taylor Research Award 2007 and a project grant from the National Health and Medical Research Council, Australia.