Journal article

Integrins alpha 2 beta 1 and alpha 4 beta 1 can mediate SA11 rotavirus attachment and entry into cells

MJ Hewish, Y Takada, BS Coulson

JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY | AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY | Published : 2000

Abstract

Most mammalian rotaviruses contain tripeptide amino acid sequences in outer capsid proteins VP4 and VP7 which have been shown to act as ligands for integrins alpha2beta1 and alpha4beta1. Peptides containing these sequences and monoclonal antibodies directed to these integrins block rotavirus infection of cells. Here we report that SA11 rotavirus binding to and infection of K562 cells expressing alpha2beta1 or alpha4beta1 integrins via transfection is increased over virus binding to and infection of cells transfected with alpha3 integrin or parent cells. The increased binding and growth were specifically blocked by a monoclonal antibody to the transfected integrin subunit but not by irrelevan..

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University of Melbourne Researchers