Journal article

The prevalence of and factors associated with diabetic retinopathy in the Australian population

RJ Tapp, JE Shaw, CA Harper, MP de Courten, B Balkau, DJ McCarty, HR Taylor, TA Welborn, PZ Zimmet

DIABETES CARE | AMER DIABETES ASSOC | Published : 2003

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with diabetic retinopathy in the Australian population and to estimate the time difference between disease onset and clinical diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle study (AusDiab) included 11,247 adults aged > or =25 years in 42 randomly selected areas of Australia. Retinopathy was assessed in participants identified as having diabetes (based on self-report and oral glucose tolerance test), impaired fasting glucose, and impaired glucose tolerance and in a random sample with normal glucose tolerance. Data were available for 2,177 participants. RESULTS: Overall, 15...

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