Can exercise training rescue the adverse cardiometabolic effects of low birth weight and prematurity?
Andrew L Siebel, Andrew L Carey, Bronwyn A Kingwell
CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL PHARMACOLOGY AND PHYSIOLOGY | WILEY | Published : 2012
Being born preterm and/or small for gestational age are well-established risk factors for cardiometabolic disease in adulthood. Physical activity has the potential to mitigate against the detrimental cardiometabolic effects of low birth weight from two perspectives: (i) maternal exercise prior to and during pregnancy; and (ii) exercise during childhood or adulthood for those born small or prematurely. Evidence from epidemiological birth cohort studies suggests that the effects of moderate-intensity physical activity during pregnancy on mean birth weight are small, but reduce the risk of either high or low birth weight infants. In contrast, vigorous and/or high-intensity exercise during pregn..View full abstract