Vitamin D and health in adults in Australia and New Zealand: a position statement
Caryl A Nowson, John J McGrath, Peter R Ebeling, Anjali Haikerwal, Robin M Daly, Kerrie M Sanders, Markus J Seibel, Rebecca S Mason
Medical Journal of Australia | AUSTRALASIAN MED PUBL CO LTD | Published : 2012
The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency varies, with the groups at greatest risk including housebound, community-dwelling older and/or disabled people, those in residential care, dark-skinned people (particularly those modestly dressed), and other people who regularly avoid sun exposure or work indoors. Most adults are unlikely to obtain more than 5%-10% of their vitamin D requirement from dietary sources. The main source of vitamin D for people residing in Australia and New Zealand is exposure to sunlight. A serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) level of ≥ 50 nmol/L at the end of winter (10-20 nmol/L higher at the end of summer, to allow for seasonal decrease) is required for optimal musculos..View full abstract
Rebecca Mason has received remuneration from Key Pharmaceuticals, Servier and the Australian Mushroom Growers' Association, and funding from Nestle. Caryl Nowson has received remuneration from Meat & Livestock Australia. Peter Ebeling's department has received research funds from Sanofi-Aventis, and speaker fees from Merck and Sanofi-Aventis. Peter Ebeling and Kerrie Sander's department has also received research funding from Merck. These payments are unrelated to the submitted work.