Journal article

Nanoporous niobium phosphate electrolyte membrane for low temperature fuel cell

Zhanli Chai, Dehua Dong, Cheng Wang, Hongjie Zhang, Paul A Webley, Dongyuan Zhao, Huanting Wang

Journal of Membrane Science | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 2010

Abstract

Nanoporous niobium phosphate (Nb-P) electrolyte membranes were prepared by dry pressing Nb-P nanoparticles for low temperature fuel cells. Highly dispersible Nb-P nanoparticles were synthesized by dispersing Nb-P precursor in furfuryl alcohol, which was polymerized to poly(furyfuryl alcohol) as a space-confinement additive during calcination. SEM, TEM and a range of spectroscopies were used to characterize Nb-P particles and membranes (discs). Nanoporous Nb-P membrane exhibited high proton conductivity (17.4mScm-1), low methanol permeability (1.1×10-7cm2s-1) whereas Nb-P membrane prepared from Nb-P particles synthesized without adding furfuryl alcohol had poor proton conductivity (0.341mScm-..

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University of Melbourne Researchers

Grants

Awarded by Australian Research Council


Awarded by NSFC


Awarded by National Basic Research Program of China


Funding Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to financial support from the Australian Research Council (Grant No. DP0877305), NSFC (Grant No. 20671087) and the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2007CB925101). Z.C. thanks the Department of Chemical Engineering of Monash University for hosting her visit (2008-2009).