Pathways to ecstasy use in young adults: Anxiety, depression or behavioural deviance?
Rosa Alati, Stuart A Kinner, Mohammad R Hayatbakhsh, Abdullah Al Mamun, Jake M Najman, Gail A Williams
DRUG AND ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE | ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD | Published : 2008
AIMS: To investigate pathways to ecstasy use disorders from pre-birth to early adulthood with particular attention to the relationship between early depressive and anxiety symptoms and later ecstasy use disorders. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal, population-based study started in Brisbane, South East Queensland (Australia) in 1981. Participants were 2143 young adults, followed up from pre-birth to young adulthood. MEASUREMENTS: Ecstasy use disorders were assessed with the composite international diagnostic interview (CIDI-Auto). Maternal socio-economic position and mental health status were assessed at baseline (antenatal visit); maternal substance use was measured at the 5-year follow-up,..View full abstract