Pediatric material properties: a review of human child and animal surrogates.
Melanie Franklyn, Sujanie Peiris, Christina Huber, King H Yang
Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering | Begell House | Published : 2007
Because pediatric tissue is difficult for researchers to obtain, the biomechanical responses of adult humans have been studied much more extensively than those of children. Piglets, chimpanzees, and other animals have been used as child surrogates, but the tissue properties and responses to impact forces obtained from these animals may not directly correlate with the human child, and this correlation is not well understood. Consequently, only a handful of human pediatric tissue properties are known. Child anthropomorphic test devices employed in automotive safety have been developed largely by scaling data obtained from adult human cadaveric tests, where various scaling methods have been use..View full abstract