Journal article

Accounting for the Gender Gaps in Student Performance in Reading and Mathematics: Evidence from 31 Countries

G Marks

Oxford Review of Education | Taylor and Francis | Published : 2008


In most countries, girls perform better than boys in reading but worse in mathematics. However, there is much variation between countries. Explanations for the gender gaps include the organisation of the school system, students' expectations and macro-societal factors. The purpose of this paper is to account for gender differences in both reading and mathematics among 15-year-old students using data from the OECD's 2000 Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) project. In most countries, school system factors are associated with the gender gap in reading but not in mathematics. Generally, gender differences in students' occupational expectations do not account for the gender gap..

View full abstract

University of Melbourne Researchers