Journal article

Virotherapy, gene transfer and immunostimulatory monoclonal antibodies

Jose I Quetglas, Liza B John, Michael H Kershaw, Luis Alvarez-Vallina, Ignacio Melero, Phillip K Darcy, Cristian Smerdou

ONCOIMMUNOLOGY | TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC | Published : 2012

Abstract

Malignant cells are susceptible to viral infection and consequent cell death. Virus-induced cell death is endowed with features that are known to stimulate innate and adaptive immune responses. Thus danger signals emitted by cells succumbing to viral infection as well as viral nucleic acids are detected by specific receptors, and tumor cell antigens can be routed to professional antigen-presenting cells. The anticancer immune response triggered by viral infection is frequently insufficient to eradicate malignancy but may be further amplified. For this purpose, transgenes encoding cytokines as co-stimulatory molecules can be genetically engineered into viral vectors. Alternatively, or in addi..

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