Cladophora rhodolithicola sp nov (Cladophorales, Chlorophyta), a diminutive species from European maerl beds
Frederik Leliaert, Christian Boedeker, Viviana Pena, Francis Bunker, Heroen Verbruggen, Olivier De Clerck
European Journal of Phycology | TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD | Published : 2009
Cladophora rhodolithicola sp. nov., a small green macroalgal epiphyte on rhodoliths, is described from the Atlantic coasts of the British Isles, France and Spain, based on morphological and molecular evidence. Molecular phylogenetic analyses reveal that the rhodolith epiphyte is closely related to C. pygmaea, a dwarf species that also grows on maerl and small stones and whose systematic position was previously uncertain. The fact that both species, along with two other distinct Cladophora species (C. echinus and C. battersii), are resolved among species traditionally assigned to the Cladophora section Longi-articulatae, has implications for our understanding of the evolution of the genus. Th..View full abstract
Awarded by Research Foundation -Flanders (FWO)
Awarded by Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia, FEDER
We gratefully acknowledge Caroline Vlaeminck for generating the sequence data. We sincerely thank Ignacio Barbara, Pilar Diaz Tapia, Jacques Grall, Christine Maggs, Ruth Nielsen, Diane and Mark Littler, Eric Coppejans, Tom Schils, Willem Prud'homme van Reine, Jeanine Olsen and Wytze Stam for collecting specimens or providing cultures. Michael Guiry is acknowledged for tracing and sending voucher specimens from Galway Bay. We thank Fabio Rindi for help with the Latin diagnosis, Christine Maggs, Ignacio Barbara and Pilar Diaz Tapia for useful suggestions, and Yvonne Chamberlain for provisional identifications of the rhodoliths from Milford Haven. Phylogenetic analyses were performed by the KERMIT computing cluster (Ghent University) and the Computational Biology Service Unit (Cornell University and Microsoft Corporation). This research was funded by the Research Foundation -Flanders (FWO) (grant 3G014205). Samples from Spain were collected in the framework of the projects PGIDIT03PXIB10301PR (Xunta de Galicia) and CGL2006-03576/BOS (Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia, FEDER). FL and HV are indebted to the FWO for postdoctoral fellowship grants.