Shoaling behaviour enhances risk of predation from multiple predator guilds in a marine fish
John R Ford, Stephen E Swearer
Oecologia | SPRINGER | Published : 2013
We would like to thank Christian Jung, Dean Chamberlain, Matt Le Feuvre, Madhavi Colton, Mal Lindsay and Jessica Smith for the back-breaking construction of artificial reefs, these again plus Evan Hallein, Simon Pahor, Dan Corrie and Seann Chia for setups and surveys, and John Ahern for boat and technical support. We thank Craig Osenberg for his helpful guidance on determining non-additivity in the system. Operational costs were covered by grants from the Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment to J. R. F. and the Australia and Pacific Science Foundation to S. E. S. Animal ethics approval was granted under Melbourne University AEC0810932. The authors declare they have no conflict of interest.