Journal article

Genome-wide association analyses identify multiple loci associated with central corneal thickness and keratoconus

Yi Lu, Veronique Vitart, Kathryn P Burdon, Chiea Chuen Khor, Yelena Bykhovskaya, Alireza Mirshahi, Alex W Hewitt, Demelza Koehn, Pirro G Hysi, Wishal D Ramdas, Tanja Zeller, Eranga N Vithana, Belinda K Cornes, Wan-Ting Tay, E Shyong Tai, Ching-Yu Cheng, Jianjun Liu, Jia-Nee Foo, Seang Mei Saw, Gudmar Thorleifsson Show all



Central corneal thickness (CCT) is associated with eye conditions including keratoconus and glaucoma. We performed a meta-analysis on >20,000 individuals in European and Asian populations that identified 16 new loci associated with CCT at genome-wide significance (P < 5 × 10(-8)). We further showed that 2 CCT-associated loci, FOXO1 and FNDC3B, conferred relatively large risks for keratoconus in 2 cohorts with 874 cases and 6,085 controls (rs2721051 near FOXO1 had odds ratio (OR) = 1.62, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.4-1.88, P = 2.7 × 10(-10), and rs4894535 in FNDC3B had OR = 1.47, 95% CI = 1.29-1.68, P = 4.9 × 10(-9)). FNDC3B was also associated with primary open-angle glaucoma (P = 5.6 ×..

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