Journal article

Patterns of dietary intake and psychological distress in older Australians: benefits not just from a Mediterranean diet

Allison Hodge, Osvaldo P Almeida, Dallas R English, Graham G Giles, Leon Flicker

INTERNATIONAL PSYCHOGERIATRICS | CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS | Published : 2013

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression contribute to morbidity in elderly adults and may be associated with diet. We investigated the association between diet and psychological distress as a marker for depression. METHODS: Dietary patterns were defined by factor analysis or the Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS); depression and anxiety were assessed 12 years later. A total of 8,660 generally healthy men and women born in Australia and aged 50-69 years from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study were included. At baseline (1990-1994), diet (food frequency questionnaire), education, Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) - Index of Relative Socio-economic Disadvantage, medication use, social engag..

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