Comorbid Heart Failure and Renal Impairment: Epidemiology and Management
Pupalan Iyngkaran, Merlin Thomas, William Majoni, Nagesh S Anavekar, Claudio Ronco
CARDIORENAL MEDICINE | KARGER | Published : 2012
Heart failure mortality is significantly increased in patients with baseline renal impairment and those with underlying heart failure who subsequently develop renal dysfunction. This accelerated progression occurs independent of the cause or grade of renal dysfunction and baseline risk factors. Recent large prospective databases have highlighted the depth of the current problem, while longitudinal population studies support an increasing disease burden. We have extensively reviewed the epidemiological and therapeutic data among these patients. The evidence points to a progression of heart failure early in renal impairment, even in the albuminuric stage. The data also support poor prescriptio..View full abstract
All authors have individually received funding from the government and industry for studies in the CRS, but none pose a conflict of interest for this short review.