Journal article

Daily eating frequency and cardiometabolic risk factors in young Australian adults: cross-sectional analyses

Kylie J Smith, Leigh Blizzard, Sarah A McNaughton, Seana L Gall, Terence Dwyer, Alison J Venn

BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION | CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS | Published : 2012

Abstract

Eating frequency may be important in the development of overweight and obesity and other cardiometabolic risk factors; however, the evidence is inconsistent. The aim of the present study was to examine the associations between the number of eating occasions and cardiometabolic risk factors in a national population-based sample of young adults. A cohort of 1273 men and 1502 women, aged 26-36 years, completed a meal pattern chart to record when they had eaten during the previous day (in hourly intervals). The total number of eating occasions was calculated. Diet quality was assessed, waist circumference was measured and a fasting blood sample was taken. Dietary intake was compared with the Aus..

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Grants

Funding Acknowledgements

We gratefully acknowledge the contributions of the study's project manager, Marita Dalton, all other project staff and the study participants. This study was funded by grants from the National Health and Medical Research Council, the National Heart Foundation, the Tasmanian Community Fund and Veolia Environmental Services. We gratefully acknowledge the study sponsors Sanitarium, ASICS and Target. S. A. M. was supported by a National Heart Foundation of Australia Postdoctoral Fellowship and S. L. G. was supported by a National Health and Medical Research Public Health Postdoctoral Fellowship. The funding bodies and sponsors had no input into the study design; collection, analysis and interpretation of the data; the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the paper for publication. The authors declare no conflict of interest. The authors' responsibilities were as follows: K. J. S. performed the statistical analysis and drafted the manuscript; L. B. provided statistical support and critically revised the manuscript; S. A. M. provided nutritional advice and critically revised the manuscript; S. L. G. critically revised the manuscript; T. D. was involved in the conceptualisation of the study and critically revised the manuscript; A. J. V. was involved in the conceptualisation of the study, acquired the data and critically revised the manuscript.