Interventions to reduce suicides at suicide hotspots: a systematic review
Georgina R Cox, Christabel Owens, Jo Robinson, Angela Nicholas, Anne Lockley, Michelle Williamson, Yee Tak Derek Cheung, Jane Pirkis
BMC PUBLIC HEALTH | BMC | Published : 2013
BACKGROUND: 'Suicide hotspots' include tall structures (for example, bridges and cliffs), railway tracks, and isolated locations (for example, rural car parks) which offer direct means for suicide or seclusion that prevents intervention. METHODS: We searched Medline for studies that could inform the following question: 'What interventions are available to reduce suicides at hotspots, and are they effective?' RESULTS: There are four main approaches: (a) restricting access to means (through installation of physical barriers); (b) encouraging help-seeking (by placement of signs and telephones); (c) increasing the likelihood of intervention by a third party (through surveillance and staff traini..View full abstract
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This review was funded by the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing. CO was supported during the writing of this paper by the UK National Institute for Health Research Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care for the Southwest Peninsula.