Journal article

Epstein-Barr virus and multiple sclerosis

RM Lucas, AM Hughes, M-LJ Lay, A-L Ponsonby, DE Dwyer, BV Taylor, MP Pender

JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY | BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2011

Abstract

This review of the considerable evidence linking Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection to risk and disease progression in multiple sclerosis (MS) builds on the background to the virus and its interactions with the human host available in the online supplement (see supplement, available online only). The evidence for a similarity in the geographic patterns of occurrence of MS and EBV infection (with infectious mononucleosis or EBV specific serology used as surrogate markers), when reviewed critically, is very limited. There is strong evidence however that people with MS are more likely to report a past history of infectious mononucleosis (thought to represent initial EBV infection at an older ag..

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