Journal article

Axon initial segment structural plasticity in animal models of genetic and acquired epilepsy

Rosemary C Harty, Tae Hwan Kim, Evan A Thomas, Lisa Cardamone, Nigel C Jones, Steven Petrou, Verena C Wimmer

EPILEPSY RESEARCH | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 2013

Abstract

A novel form of neuronal plasticity, occurring at the axon initial segment (AIS), has recently been described. Lengthening of the AIS and movement away from the soma are consequences of changes in neuronal input and result in alterations in neuronal excitability. We hypothesised that AIS plasticity may play a role in epilepsy, due to chronic changes in neuronal activity. Immunohistochemistry and confocal microscopy were used to analyse AIS length and position in pyramidal neurons in deep layer 5 of the somatosensory cortex from 5 mice with genetic epilepsy and 4 controls, and from 3 rats subjected to amygdala kindling and 3 controls. The effect of a subtle alteration of AIS position was mode..

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