Imaging of thyroid carcinoma with CT and MRI: approaches to common scenarios
Jenny K Hoang, Barton F Branstetter, Andreia R Gafton, Wai K Lee, Christine M Glastonbury
CANCER IMAGING | E-MED | Published : 2013
Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can play an important role in preoperative and post-treatment assessment of thyroid malignancy. The radiologist should be aware of the pathological behavior of thyroid carcinoma, and the characteristic imaging appearance of the primary tumor and metastases. This review describes the approach to imaging thyroid cancer on CT and MRI for four common scenarios: detection of the incidental thyroid nodule, evaluation of thyroid metastases, presurgical imaging for invasive disease, and evaluation for recurrence in the post-treatment neck.