Journal article

The effect of calcium chloride addition on the microstructure and composition of Cheddar cheese

Lydia Ong, Raymond R Dagastine, Sandra E Kentish, Sally L Gras

INTERNATIONAL DAIRY JOURNAL | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2013

Abstract

The addition of calcium is widely accepted as a tool in cheese-making but the effect on the microstructure of cheese during and following manufacture is not known. In this study, cheeses made with milk containing 200–600 mg L−1 of additional CaCl2 had significantly lower fat loss into the whey collected after cooking; however, the final fat composition or yield of cheese did not change. The microstructure of the gel with 300 or 600 mg L−1 CaCl2 addition was less porous and the cooked curd consisted of a denser protein network that may retain more fat during the early stages of manufacture. In contrast, the cheddared curd and cheese contained more micro-pores than cheeses with lower or no cal..

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