Journal article

X-linked myoclonic epilepsy with spasticity and intellectual disability - Mutation in the homeobox gene ARX

IE Scheffer, RH Wallace, FL Phillips, P Hewson, K Reardon, G Parasivam, P Stromme, SF Berkovic, J Gecz, JC Mulley

NEUROLOGY | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2002

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To describe a new syndrome of X-linked myoclonic epilepsy with generalized spasticity and intellectual disability (XMESID) and identify the gene defect underlying this disorder. METHODS: The authors studied a family in which six boys over two generations had intractable seizures using a validated seizure questionnaire, clinical examination, and EEG studies. Previous records and investigations were obtained. Information on seizure disorders was obtained on 271 members of the extended family. Molecular genetic analysis included linkage studies and mutational analysis using a positional candidate gene approach. RESULTS: All six affected boys had myoclonic seizures and TCS; two had in..

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