Journal article

Prediction of cochlear implant performance by genetic mutation: The spiral ganglion hypothesis

Robert W Eppsteiner, A Eliot Shearer, Michael S Hildebrand, Adam P DeLuca, Haihong Ji, Camille C Dunn, Elizabeth A Black-Ziegelbein, Thomas L Casavant, Terry A Braun, Todd E Scheetz, Steven E Scherer, Marlan R Hansen, Bruce J Gantz, Richard JH Smith



BACKGROUND: Up to 7% of patients with severe-to-profound deafness do not benefit from cochlear implantation. Given the high surgical implantation and clinical management cost of cochlear implantation (>$1 million lifetime cost), prospective identification of the worst performers would reduce unnecessary procedures and healthcare costs. Because cochlear implants bypass the membranous labyrinth but rely on the spiral ganglion for functionality, we hypothesize that cochlear implant (CI) performance is dictated in part by the anatomic location of the cochlear pathology that underlies the hearing loss. As a corollary, we hypothesize that because genetic testing can identify sites of cochlear ..

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University of Melbourne Researchers