Journal article

Islet xenotransplantation: progress towards a clinical therapy

Philip J O'Connell, Andrew M Lew, Peter J Cowan, Sarah L Londrigan, Wayne J Hawthorne, Mark Nottle, Anthony JF d'Apice

CURRENT OPINION IN ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2006

Abstract

Purpose of review: The success of islet allotransplantation has highlighted the need for an alternative source of islet tissue. This review looks at the current status of islet xenotransplantation and what progress has been made towards a clinical therapy. Recent findings: There has been substantial progress in preclinical studies of islet xenotransplantation. Pig islets have been shown to control diabetes in rhesus macaques beyond 100 days using strong immunosuppression. There have been advances in our understanding of the fate of islets after transplantation. Exposure of pig islets to human blood leads to the instant blood-mediated inflammatory reaction, a likely cause of early graft loss...

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