Journal article

Population genomics of the immune evasion (var) genes of Plasmodium falciparum (vol 3, pg e70, 2007)

Alyssa E Barry, Aleksandra Leliwa-Sytek, Livingston Tavul, Heather Imrie, Florence Migot-Nabias, Stuart M Brown, Gil McVean, Karen P Day

PLOS PATHOGENS | PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE | Published : 2007

Abstract

Var genes encode the major surface antigen (PfEMP1) of the blood stages of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. Differential expression of up to 60 diverse var genes in each parasite genome underlies immune evasion. We compared the diversity of the DBLalpha domain of var genes sampled from 30 parasite isolates from a malaria endemic area of Papua New Guinea (PNG) and 59 from widespread geographic origins (global). Overall, we obtained over 8,000 quality-controlled DBLalpha sequences. Within our sampling frame, the global population had a total of 895 distinct DBLalpha "types" and negligible overlap among repertoires. This indicated that var gene diversity on a global scale is so..

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