Journal article

The Cell-Cycle Regulator CDK4: An Emerging Therapeutic Target in Melanoma

Karen E Sheppard, Grant A McArthur

CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH | AMER ASSOC CANCER RESEARCH | Published : 2013

Abstract

The recent clinical success of targeted therapies in melanoma directed at the oncogene BRAF validates the concept of targeting oncogenes. The p16-cyclin D-CDK4/6-retinoblastoma protein pathway (CDK4 pathway) is dysregulated in 90% of melanomas, and is, therefore, an obvious therapeutic target for this disease. The main outcome of CDK4 activation is the phosphorylation and, thus, inhibition of the retinoblastoma protein leading to G1-S cell-cycle transition. In addition, CDK4 directly phosphorylates other proteins that promote cell-cycle progression and inhibit both cell senescence and apoptosis. In preclinical studies, the response to CDK4 inhibition correlates with genomic changes that incr..

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