The burden of chronic hepatitis B virus infection in Australia, 2011
Jennifer H MacLachlan, Nicole Allard, Vanessa Towell, Benjamin C Cowie
AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH | WILEY-BLACKWELL | Published : 2013
OBJECTIVE: The number of Australians living with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is thought to be increasing, as are adverse outcomes including cirrhosis and liver cancer, however, robust, up-to-date estimates of this burden are limited. Contemporary estimates of the prevalence of CHB in Australia are essential to guide appropriate public health and clinical responses. METHODS: This study used census-based methodology attributing risk of CHB by country of birth and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status, augmented with priority risk-group based estimates. Deterministic mathematical modelling was used for comparison and for validation of census-derived estimates. RESULTS: An estimated 218,000..View full abstract
This work was supported through the Communicable Diseases Flexible Fund Grant from the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing to the Australasian Society for HIV Medicine, and the Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory.