Journal article

The burden of chronic hepatitis B virus infection in Australia, 2011

Jennifer H MacLachlan, Nicole Allard, Vanessa Towell, Benjamin C Cowie

AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH | WILEY-BLACKWELL | Published : 2013

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The number of Australians living with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is thought to be increasing, as are adverse outcomes including cirrhosis and liver cancer, however, robust, up-to-date estimates of this burden are limited. Contemporary estimates of the prevalence of CHB in Australia are essential to guide appropriate public health and clinical responses. METHODS: This study used census-based methodology attributing risk of CHB by country of birth and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status, augmented with priority risk-group based estimates. Deterministic mathematical modelling was used for comparison and for validation of census-derived estimates. RESULTS: An estimated 218,000..

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