Book Chapter

Population and Health

R Kippen, J MCCALMAN

The Cambridge History of Australia, Volume 1 | Cambridge University Press | Published : 2013

Abstract

The Aboriginal population. The history of colonial Australia’s population is one of stark contrasts: a largely opaque record of the decline of the Aboriginal people, and a conscientiously documented populating of the continent by the forced and voluntary immigration of external settlers. Estimates of the pre-colonial population have risen as archaeologists and anthropologists progressively have revealed the antiquity of Aboriginal societies, re-writing Europeans’ understanding of Aboriginal land management and food gathering. There is now an appreciation of the role of women in dispersed horticulture, seed harvesting and fishing, and of the significance of eel farming and men’s pasture manag..

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