Journal article

Dynamic cooperation and competition between brain systems during cognitive control

Luca Cocchi, Andrew Zalesky, Alex Fornito, Jason B Mattingley



The human brain is characterized by a remarkable ability to adapt its information processing based on current goals. This ability, which is encompassed by the psychological construct of cognitive control, involves activity throughout large-scale, specialized brain systems that support segregated functions at rest and during active task performance. Based on recent research, we propose an account in which control functions rely on transitory changes in patterns of cooperation and competition between neural systems. This account challenges current conceptualizations of control as relying on segregated or antagonistic activity of specialized brain systems. Accordingly, we argue that the study o..

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University of Melbourne Researchers


Awarded by Australian Research Council (ARC)

Awarded by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council

Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council

Funding Acknowledgements

The authors thank Drs Marc Kamke and Oliver Baumann for their feedback on the paper. L.C. was supported by a grant from the National and International Research Alliance Program (NIRAP), Queensland State Government, Australia, and, by a Griffith University Infrastructure Research Grant. J.B.M was supported by an Australian Research Council (ARC) Laureate Fellowship (FL110100103). A.Z. was supported by a Melbourne Neuroscience Institute fellowship and a career development fellowship from the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (APP1047648). A.F. was supported by a Monash University Larkins Fellowship and a National Health and Medical Research Council grant (ID: 150504).