Journal article

Non-fatal overdose among adult prisoners with a history of injecting drug use in two Australian states

Elizabeth Moore, Rebecca Winter, Devon Indig, David Greenberg, Stuart A Kinner



BACKGROUND: Recently released prisoners are at markedly increased risk of death and drug-related causes predominate. Non-fatal overdose (NFOD) is considerably more common than fatal overdose, but has received relatively little research attention and most studies of NFOD in this population have suffered from small samples of unknown representativeness. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and correlates of lifetime NFOD among prisoners in NSW and Queensland. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys of adult prisoners in two Australian states: New South Wales (n=972) and Queensland (n=1316). Use of similar measures and methods in the two states made direct comparison of findings possible. RESUL..

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Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)

Awarded by NHMRC Centre for Research Excellence on Injecting Drug Use

Funding Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge Shalin Kumar (Clinical Co-ordinator), Belinda Border (Hunter New England Population Health), the Inmate Health Survey investigator team, Corrective Services NSW, and Professor Tony Butler (original development of the Inmate Health Survey). Funding for the Inmate Health Survey was provided by NSW Health and Justice & Forensic Mental Health Network. The authors also acknowledge Queensland Corrective Services for support during data collection in Queensland, and the Passports project research team. The Passports project was funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC #409966). Stuart Kinner is supported by NHMRC Career Development Award (#1004765). Rebecca Winter is supported by an NHMRC Postgraduate Scholarship (#603756) and the NHMRC Centre for Research Excellence on Injecting Drug Use (#1001144). The authors acknowledge the contribution to this work of the Victorian Operational Infrastructure Support Programme. Finally, the authors would like to thank the participants in the Inmate Health Survey and Passports study.