The persistence of 'normal' catchment management despite the participatory turn: Exploring the power effects of competing frames of reference
Brian R Cook, Mike Kesby, Ioan Fazey, Chris Spray
SOCIAL STUDIES OF SCIENCE | SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD | Published : 2013
Presented as a panacea for the problems of environmental management, 'participation' conceals competing frames of meaning. 'Ladders of participation' explain insufficiently why public engagement is often limited to consultation, even within so-called higher level partnerships. To explain how participation is shaped to produce more or less symmetric exchanges in processes of deliberation, this article distinguishes between (1) discourses/practices, (2) frames and (3) power effects. This article's empirical focus is the experience of participatory catchment organisations and their central but under-researched role in integrated catchment management. In addition to an analysis of policy stateme..View full abstract
This work was supported by the Scottish Funding Council, which financed Dr Cook's postdoctoral fellowship at UNESCO IHP-HELP Centre for Water Law, Policy, and Science, University of Dundee; by the Scottish Government and by the Scottish Universities Insight Institute, which funded our knowledge-exchange activities.