Journal article

Pressurized Pulse Irrigation with Saline Reduces Surgical-site Infections following Major Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery: Randomized Controlled Trial

Mehrdad Nikfarjam, Laurence Weinberg, Michael A Fink, Vijayaragavan Muralidharan, Graham Starkey, Robert Jones, Kevin Staveley-O'Carroll, Christopher Christophi

WORLD JOURNAL OF SURGERY | SPRINGER | Published : 2014

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSI) are a significant cause of postoperative morbidity. Pressurized pulse irrigation of subcutaneous tissues may lower infection rates by aiding in the debridement of necrotic tissue and reducing bacterial counts compared to simply pouring saline into the wound. METHODS: A total of 128 patients undergoing laparotomy extending beyond 2 h were randomized to treatment of wounds by pressurized pulse lavage irrigation (<15 psi) with 2 L normal saline (pulse irrigation group), or to standard irrigation with 2 L normal saline poured into the wound, immediately prior to skin closure (standard group). Only elective cases were included, and all cases were perform..

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