Journal article

Lymphovascular and neural regulation of metastasis: shared tumour signalling pathways and novel therapeutic approaches.

Caroline P Le, Tara Karnezis, Marc G Achen, Steven A Stacker, Erica K Sloan

Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol | Published : 2013

Abstract

The progression of cancer is supported by a wide variety of non-neoplastic cell types which make up the tumour stroma, including immune cells, endothelial cells, cancer-associated fibroblasts and nerve fibres. These host cells contribute molecular signals that enhance primary tumour growth and provide physical avenues for metastatic dissemination. This article provides an overview of the role of blood vessels, lymphatic vessels and nerve fibres in the tumour microenvironment and highlights the interconnected molecular signalling pathways that control their development and activation in cancer. Further, this article highlights the known pharmacological agents which target these pathways and d..

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